Kulcsár Árpád

Nincs intézményi hovatartozási adat.

Publications: 12

Kulcsár Árpád (Nagyvárad, 1977) a Pósalaki Református Egyházközség lelkipásztora, a Debreceni Református Hittudományi Egyetem doktorandusza. Kutatási területei: gyakorlati teológia, homiletika, Ravasz László.

Publications of Árpád Kulcsár

In this paper I present an in-depth analysis of the writings of László Ravasz from the period 1903–1906. During this period, he graduated from the Protestant Theological Institute, the State University at Kolozsvár/Cluj, and spent a year of PhD research in Berlin. He started publishing in the journal Erdélyi Protestáns Lap mostly in the domain of religious studies. He still adheres to the liberal wing of theology, but in this period, he slowly starts to shift towards the so-called value theology, a much modern way of the long-standing liberalism.

Research articleReformátus Szemle 113 / 6 (2020)

In this paper I present a thorough examination of Laszló Ravasz’s publications from the period 1901–1903, when he was a student of the Protestant Theological Seminary and the State University of Cluj/Kolozsvár. In this period, he shows signs of uncertainty whether to become a Reformed minister or a journalist, novelist, or critic. This period of life of a student is typically characterised by an interest in almost everything. He writes more than forty poems, short novels, theatrical critics, but most often he relates about the student life in the magazine Kolozsvári Egyetemi Lapok. He attempts to follow well-known journalist of his time. His descriptive writings demonstrate how good a writer he was already in the early years of his career.

Research articleReformátus Szemle 113 / 5 (2020)

Translated by Fazakas Enikő, Kovács Zoltán, Kun Lajos, Némedi Gusztáv, Oláh Attila. A Debreceni Református Hittudományi Egyetem Gyakorlati Teológiai Tanszéke, Debrecen 2001, 132. old.

ReviewReformátus Szemle 113 / 5 (2020)

In this paper I examined one of the effects of László Ravasz’s theological thinking, namely the development of his spiritual life and its impact on his position as a scholar of theology. Due to the limitations of the scope of this paper, I present the lesser known views of Ravasz’s work on mission. Among others, John R. Mott’s lecture in Cluj-Napoca provides clues that the young Ravasz approached the tasks of pastoral ministry, preaching, dissemination of the gospel, theological education in a modern and relevant manner. This approach was not perfect, but it helped to bring about a new impetus for the Hungarian Protestant worldview that was stuck in rationalism and liberalism and for Protestant theology in general to start off towards the dialectical theology. Ravasz was an authentic representative of this transition

Research articleReformátus Szemle 113 / 1 (2020)

This paper discusses the necessity of dialogue about the topic of creation among theology, philosophy and natural sciences. I argue that philosophy has a bridge-building role between theology and natural sciences. I aim to show why the mediation of philosophy cannot be neglected, and why a holistic approach in such an important theme as creation is necessary. I shall also invoke the ideas of László Ravasz (1882–1975) and point out that the synthesis which he argued for in his scientific papers is still useful today.

Research articleReformátus Szemle 111 / 2 (2018)

At the dawn of the 20th century, the young László Ravasz began to rethink the main principles of Hungarian Reformed homiletics. His program was basically stimulated by the so- called “value-theology”, inspired by the Neo-Kantian philosophy. In this paper I examine his homilethical method by analysing his Christmas sermons. I scrutinize the rhetorical situation, the chosen biblical texts, the structure, the content, and the illustrations of the sermons. I conclude that half century later, we can still learn from Ravasz’ views.

Research articleReformátus Szemle 109 / 6 (2016)

Before the Barthian theology questioning the significance of rhetorics for homiletics has come to influence Hungarian Reformed theological thinking, László Ravasz (1882—1975) had emphasised the importance of aesthetical experience in preaching. Decades long the influence of Karl Barth remained one of the most determining factors in the Hungarian Reformed preaching tradition. Nowadays when the theory of Gerhard Schulze about social experience is increasingly gaining acceptance in several domains of social sciences, the Hungarian reformed theological thinking is again interested in using rhetorics as a helpful tool for homiletics. In this study I search for the significance o f rhetorics for homiletics.

Research articleReformátus Szemle 109 / 5 (2016)

In 1907 László Ravasz (1882—1975) came to lecture in practical theology at the Hungarian Reformed Theological University in Kolozsvár. Being only 25 years old, he felt the need for fresh theological thinking in this domain. As a student of both philosophy and theology, he developed his skills in both directions. His mentor in philosophy was Károly Höhnt, who enormously influenced his thinking from the mo-Kantian philosophical perspective. In 1906 Ravasz wrote a PhD thesis about Schopenhauer’s aesthetics. A year later he drafted his Introduction topractical theology, Fis habilitation thesis. This work exposes the influence of neo-Kantianism, transforming the philosophical thesis into a so called value-theology.
In 1915 he published his main work, the Homiletics, which appears to be a useful handbook even according to today’s standards. In this study I analyse both the philosophical and aesthetical thinking of Ravasz, searching for answers to the following questions: To what extent did neo­ Kantianism influence his practical theological theory? Why did he consider aesthetical values so important for practical theology? I attempt to demonstrate that his practical theology is rooted in neo-Kantian philosophy and aesthetics. This study aims to commemorate the centenary of Homiletics, as well as the 40th anniversary of Ravasz’ death.

Research articleReformátus Szemle 108 / 6 (2015)