Református Szemle 101 / 6 (2008)

Studium

Zabán Bálint Károly(605--633)

The following survey of present research of Prov 1–9 focuses mainly on the structure and character of these chapters of Proverbs and the various theories concerning the personification of Wisdom in Proverbs.1 This appraisal of some older and more recent works on chapters 1–9 is meant to serve as a preamble of a series of articles I planned to write about Proverbs. The succeeding articles will be concerned with an overview of research in terms of the textual traditions of Proverbs, questions of dating (pre-exilic/post-exilic), setting, various Egyptian, Mesopotamian and Ugaritic parallels and the structure and character of Prov 10–29 and of 30–31, secular and/or religious wisdom, the concept of the fear of the Lord and theology.

ÓszövetségPéldabeszédek könyve, ószövetség-kutatás, bölcsességirodalom
Geréb Zsolt(634--654)

Der Verfasser des Briefes warnt die Leser, im Glauben zu bleiben, die Hoffnung des Evangeliums fest zu behalten, so dass sie sich am Jüngsten Tag unbescholten vor Gott hinstellen können. Warum werden sie hinsichtlich der Danksagung gewarnt? Weil der Glaube der Gemeinde von der „Philosophie” der Irrlehrer auf die Probe gestellt wurde.

Újszövetségexegézis (szövegértelmezés)
Luz Ulrich(655--668)

Freude aus der Verheissung des Evangeliums – Pfarrdienst in Diaspora und Volkskirche – so lautet das Thema unserer Tagung. Wenn man mich vor fünfundvierzig Jahren, als ich mein Theologiestudium abschloss, mit diesem Thema konfrontiert hätte, so hätte ich gesagt. Ja, selbstverständlich! Ich freute mich auf den Dienst in meiner Kirche. Ich wollte das Evangelium verkündigen. Wir waren damals von der Bibel und von der Theologie Rudolf Bultmanns geprägt, ein bisschen hatten wir auch von Karl Barth mitbekommen. Ich wollte damals nur eines: Pfarrer werden in meiner Kirche, der Evangelisch-Reformierten Landeskirche des Kantons Zürich in der Schweiz.

Újszövetségöröm, evangélium, lelkészi identitás, lelkipásztori szolgálat, népegyház
Beek Abraham van de(669--676)

It is a challenge to the Reformed Church in Erdély to become really Reformed: reformed according to the beginnings and sources of Christian life and thought. That means: developing a lifestyle of love and care sustained by prayer and intercession, living as foreigners, – foreigners, not due to political decisions of the past, but due to a much more fundamental decision of the Lord to make Christians heirs of a heavenly kingdom, with a citizenship in heaven. I am very well aware that it will be very hard to accomplish this new U-turn.

Rendszeres teológiaegyház és társadalom, egyház és állam, egyház és politika
Pásztori-Kupán István(677--699)

It is often argued that the sixteenth-century Reformation initiated a chain of events that ultimately led not only to religious pluralism within the body of the Western Christian Church, but also to the rise and dispersion of mutual acceptance among various religious groups. The fact, however, that these two things (i.e. religious pluralism and tolerance) did not emerge directly and immediately (almost as a matter of course) from the Reformation itself, is similarly undeniable. As we shall see below, we have sufficient evidence to claim that although the Reformers – including John Calvin, Theodore Beza and others, with whom this paper is partly concerned – at some point in their lives (mostly in their youth) advocated and invocated the cultivation of the spirit of tolerance, most of them refrained from upholding such positions once their situation as leaders within a newly emerged (both religious and political) community or realm became established.

Rendszeres teológiaegyház és állam, egyház és politika, Tordai edictum
Papp György(700--708)

In this short paper I would like to provide a comparative analysis of the passages concerning the passion of the Lord Jesus Christ of the Early Christian confessions (among them the Apostolic Creed1 as well), because these passages are frequently the source of theological misunderstanding and debates. The main question which urged me to do this research had occurred in relation with the Apostolic Creed. How do we say correctly: ‘I believe in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord: Who was conceived of the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried; He descended into hell…’ or ‘I believe in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord: Who was conceived of the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered, under Pontius Pilate He was crucified, died, and was buried; He descended into hell…’? I shall try to answer this question by analysing the relevant passages of the creeds which were composed in the first six centuries.

Rendszeres teológiaJézus Krisztus szenvedése
Buzogány Dezső(709--719)

Melanchton is usually considered as both a Humanist and a Reformer. Many of the books and studies written about him present him as a theologian. It is also worthwhile studying the Humanist intellectual components of his personality, since, after all, a great proportion of his works are ones which present him as a deep thinking, through intellectual, writing with sublime eloquence.

EgyháztörténetPhilipp Melanchton, humanizmus, reformáció

Recensio

Novum

Adorjáni Zoltán(731--747)

Ószövetségdoktoravatás, Tunyogi Lehel, Kecskeméthy István